What Causes Heel Pain, Treatment and Care
Heel pain often results from pressure exerted on plantar fascia, this condition is sometimes known as heel spur syndrome because of the presence of a spur, it is, however, good to note that heel pain can also result from a fracture, tendon problems, arthritis disease, or in unusual case a cyst. Given many possible sources the pain in the heel, it is imperative to have the heel pain examined by a reliable and reputable ankle surgeon for proper diagnoses, a good and experience ankle surgeon can distinguish between all probabilities and to identify the source of the heel pain. Many people have no idea what plantar fasciitis is, it is simply swelling of the plantar fascia that link the heel to toes, where it is the cause of your heel pain the membrane becomes irritated first and later swell cause the heel to pain. This article provides you with some insights regarding causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and available non-surgical treatment of plantar fasciitis.
The primary cause of plantar fasciitis is poor foot structure, this is observed in people with flat feet, abnormal arched feet, or people with arches problems, plantar fasciitis can also develop because of using poor shoes on rigid flat surfaces because they put excessive pressure on the band tissue leading to plantar fasciitis, this is normally seen in people with a job that demand long hours of standing or obese people.
Some of the common signs of plantar fasciitis includes sharp and stabbing pain emanating from the lower part of the heel, arch pains, pain which worsen on standing, the pain increases over time, and swelling on the bottom of the heel. People suffering from plantar fasciitis explain that pain worsens on standing after sitting for a considerable amount of time, however, walking decreases the pain because it stretches the fascia.
Diagnosis of plantar fasciitis is arrived at after foot and ankle surgeon examines a patient foot and during the process rule out all other types of heel pain, however, before a final diagnosis is made the surgeon will first obtain your medical history, to pinpoint the type of heel pain a patient has, the doctor may use imaging diagnostic such as x-rays, there are some cases where patients with plantar fasciitis have been found to have heel spurs, this is a rare thing but it happens, in such case, the patient is diagnosed with plantar fasciitis or heel spur syndrome.
Non-surgical treatment of plantar fasciitis include stretching exercises especially those that target the calf muscles, stretching these muscles relieves the pain and fasten recovery time, avoiding walking barefoot is another strategy to prevent or manage plantar fasciitis, when you walk barefoot you put plantar fascia on unnecessary pressure, icing is another non-surgical treatment of plantar fasciitis, 20 minutes of icing few times a day minimizes inflammation that causes the pain, it is also important to limit your physical activities, wear supportive shoes especially those with good arch support, you can use medications such as oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).