Before you drill a water well, there are several things you should know. First, you must register with the DEC. Then, you must file a Water Well Completion Report with the DEC. Secondly, your water well must meet the standards of the NYS Department of Health. You can view these standards at Appendix 5-B, Standards for Water Wells. The standards are a guide to water well drilling.
Although water is the primary constituent of water well drilling fluids, its primary purpose is cuttings transport. But these fluids also incorporate a number of additives. Some of the most common ones include sodium bentonite, polyanionic cellulose, and partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide. The types and amounts of these additives vary by geology and are tailored to the specific well construction. In general, these fluids are designed to minimize formation damage and enhance hole stability.
Water well drilling is a complicated process. It takes great skill to properly guide the drill as it is heavy and can wear down the bit. Water well drill rods can weigh several tons. Drilling too hard can damage the drill bit, while drilling softly will not penetrate the rock layers. You will also need to be very careful and attentive to the type of water that is encountered during drilling. If you do not pay attention to these details, you risk drilling into the ground and losing water.
Once you know how deep the water table is, you will be able to determine where to drill the water well. Ideally, you will drill a well at least 1.5 feet from the ground’s surface. You should also consider whether future uses of the property will change the water table’s quality. A septic system, a waste disposal line, or buried fuel tanks will degrade groundwater quality. To avoid these problems, you should drill a well far enough away from these potential sources.
When drilling a water well, you should keep a record of the formations encountered during the process. These formations, water-bearing zones, and the construction components of the well must be recorded. These information are important to the landowner as well as for the well-drilling company. This report provides valuable information to help the well drilling process. This log will help both parties to understand the water well’s condition and the potential yield it will generate.
Before you choose a water well drilling contractor, remember to get a written contract. It will contain detailed information about the cost and expected depth, as well as any unforeseen costs you may encounter. W. S. Heitman Drilling will inspect the area for you and prepare a printed agreement form. Using a written contract will reduce the likelihood of misunderstandings between you and your contractor. This company is also fully certified, licensed, and insured.
There are many ways to drill a water well, and choosing the right method depends on the geology and brawn of the area where you’re looking to install a well. Some drilling methods are easier to perform, but manual methods can be a pain and require a lot of effort. Moreover, they can be costly and inefficient, and you may not be able to install half a dozen wells in one area.